Posted in Distance Learning, Education


Don't complicate your mind.-2EDS103 Module 3 e-Journal

In this Module, what I remembered is the Albert experiment and the skinner box. These experiments were done to observe behavior under a controlled condition. My heart goes out to Albert who have been subjected to such experiment. I hope that he was not traumatized during that experiment. The outcome of these experiments have helped psychologists understand how an individual will respond in certain situations.

I also learned that between rewards and punishment, rewards give a better outcome but reinforcement will not work continuously, so having a scheduled reinforcement is recommended. Operant conditioning have been used as a tool in learning, teaching and instructional design. Teachers create curriculum that will produce expected responses or outcome from students.

An effective teacher will create a positive learning environment to encourage learning, mutual respect, collaboration, teamwork and critical thinking.  Classroom environment should not be a reason why a student would not want to go to school.  The teacher should reinforce positive behaviors and also be on a look out for misbehaviors. The teacher can check the underlying reasons of the behavior to address it properly.

Posted in Distance Learning, Education

Intelligence – Nature or Nurture?


My EDS103 Module 2 e-Journal

What is intelligence? I thought it is the ability to learn, to answer questions, identify problems and find solutions, create something out of nothing and the ability to know the why, when, where, what and how of things.

Some say intelligence is in the “genes”.  Maybe? I met people who were “fast learners” or “quick thinkers” while some may be a little slower grasping new ideas. A friend also told me that she had a classmate who did well in school but does not accept that she is intelligent but rather attributes her good academic standing as a result of hard work e.g. advance reading, practicing and a lot of time spent studying. So it could be both nature and nurture after all.

Is intelligence measurable? An attempt to measure intelligence is by computing the mental age or I.Q. (Intelligence Quotient).

IQ represents abilities such as:

  • Visual and spatial processing
  • Knowledge of the world
  • Fluid reasoning
  • Working memory and short-term memory
  • Quantitative reasoning

While having a high IQ helps in a lot of ways especially academically, it does not guarantee success. Some argue that EQ or Emotional Quotient might be more important than IQ.

EQ is centered on abilities such as:

  • Identifying emotions
  • Evaluating how others feel
  • Controlling one’s own emotions
  • Perceiving how others feel
  • Using emotions to facilitate social communication
  • Relating to others

In my opinion, a balance of both can be very useful in life’s success.

I also learned that an individual can have multiple intelligence as Gardner proposed. One can excel in music, or math or physical activities etc. I also learned that one’s abilities can be enhanced thru experience, education, social interaction and our environment. That intelligence is learnable.


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Posted in Distance Learning, Education

He Who Teaches Learns


EDS103 Module 1 e-Journal

As a trainer and future educator, I am interested in how people learn. This will give me great insights on ways to tap students potential and how effective I can be as a teacher. I would like to be able to guide students, motivate them and encourage them so that learning can be both meaningful and fun.

As a student, I have my ways of acquiring knowledge and processing them. During examination period, I would usually create a one page handwritten reviewer using the littlest font that I could write to squeeze all the important information I need to memorize.  The second practice that works for me is thru recording myself as I read the lesson, asking question and giving a little pause for answer, followed by the correct answer to the question. I would then listen to my recorded voice using my old “Walkman’s” headset, specially when the noise outside the dorm is unbearable.

Thanks to technology, I can still listen to the lessons, but with the help of a gadget like an iPad. I noticed though that I still need to focus on what is being said, otherwise, the sound is also like a noise that fades away and have little memory retention or none at all.     Comparing reading vs. listening, I understand it better when I read the texts.

In Module 1 Lesson,  I believe that nature and nurture both play an important role in the learning process. I also learned that change in an individual were both an outcome of learning thru experience and maturation. Formal schooling helped me learn and persevere both mentally and socially but I also learned a lot from experience. Thru experience, practice and actual application, lessons are more memorable.

I am really excited to know more about learning and I hope that I can finish the course and really LEARN all that there is to learn.


He Who Teaches Learns

Module 1 References

Posted in Distance Learning, Education

Instruct, Inspire, Assess, Improve


My EDS113 Final e-Journal Entry

What am I taking home from this course?
How have my views changed?
Have I been moved into action?

I wanted to write all the learnings in EDS113 but it won’t fit here so I just put it all together in one poster, it may not be complete but these are the memorable ones for me.

Before taking up this course, I didn’t know how a lot of work were put in the assessment process. I have learned how assessment should be aligned with learning objectives, why assessment need to be valid and reliable, how to gather evidence, how to measure assessment and a lot of other things.

I will definitely make use of Rubrics and Table of Specifications because I think these are effective tools in aligning assessment with specific learning outcomes. I also want my students to develop creative, cognitive and metacognitive thinking skills by carefully planning and designing assessment. Bloom’s Taxonomy will assist and guide me in writing the learning goals and objectives.

Another lesson that really inspired me is the Benefits of Failure. I am excited to share the growth mindset concept not only to my students but to other people as well.  Timely and effective feedback can also help motivate students to keep going.

Who could miss the Plan, Do, Check, Act in the assessment cycle? This is not only applicable in assessment but also in our everyday lives. We have to plan, make it work, check the strengths and weaknesses, reflect, review and revise as needed or completely discard the plan and make a new one.

As a future professional teacher, I believe we can benefit in employing both traditional and non-traditional assessment. I am confident that I can put into practice the learnings here both personally and professionally. Congratulations to all!

Posted in Distance Learning, Education

Procrastination is the Thief of Time

ProcrastinationMy EDS113 Module 5 e-Journal

“Procrastination is the action of delaying or postponing something.”  I think almost everyone can relate to this especially during exam preparation, assignment tasks or even in work-related projects. As a result, on the day or near the deadline, students tend to cram and squeeze all the learnings in a short span of time. This might result in a positive outcome or most probably not. Early preparation is still recommended.

As a student, some of my study habits include preparing a one-page reviewer written or typed, find a study buddy,  record the lessons using a tape recorder and listen to it repeatedly, and study with a background music because it relaxes me. It works for me but may not work for others.

I prefer taking exams with exact answers like Math and hate the essay types because I think am not good with words. A strategy that I used during exams is answering the items I know first, then skipping the difficult ones and going back to it if there’s remaining time left. For performance test like oral exams, I practice in front of a mirror 🙂

After learning this module, I learned more about non-traditional assessments and how they complement the traditional assessments. Comprehensive assessment, Differentiated assessment, Reflective assessment, Constructivism and Authentic assessment are just some of the different types that we can adapt in our teaching practice.

Personally, I might use reflective assessment techniques to anticipate, review, reflect and adjust lessons based on the learners need and learning objectives. The differentiated assessment might be more difficult to manage but with proper planning and design the teacher will be able to face the challenge and will be more competent with experience.

The Edutopia youtube video on Five Keys to Comprehensive assessment is also adaptable where:

  • making sure goals and measures were shared to students so they know what to do with the information that they will receive
  • giving formative feedback and letting them act on the feedback in a timely manner
  • taking a summative assessment as a reference of what students have learned at that time
  • asking student’s to perform and use the learning in actual situations
  • letting students take ownership of their own learnings.

“The comprehensive assessment might be the most cost-effective educational intervention that will help students engage,  perform and help in improving critical thinking skills.”


Posted in Distance Learning, Education

The Power of Yet


My EDS113 Module 6 e-Journal

The Power of Believing that You Can Improve is the heart of the TED talk of Dr.Carol Dweck that using the work “yet” will inspire students to keep moving rather than feel sorry for themselves. Having a growth mindset helps in overcoming difficulties and face challenges that they can learn from. Although the Benefits of Failure is just a supplement resource, I have been inspired by the reading materials and how a growth mindset sees mistakes as opportunities to learn.

In this module, I have learned how assessment planning and construction should be created and developed and why reporting and feedback are essential in the assessment process.

New learnings are the guidelines for making Table of Specifications, Rubrics and Test creation and why we need to use them. It increases the validity and reliability of assessment. Planning and Review will consume a great deal of time but once set up and standardized, grading and scoring will be more objective, aligned with the learning outcomes and will also help teachers score or grade in lesser time. I also learned why the raw scores are not used in the final grade but the scaled scores to make the comparison of grades more meaningful.

I also learned that for an assessment to be effective, it has to be valid and reliable, transparent, objective, fair, manageable and aligned with the learning goals and objectives. I also learned the different types of feedback, how to feedback and when.

This module has a lot of new information for me and I am positive that the learnings here were very much applicable and hopefully I can use them when I am finally a teaching professional.

In my line of work, we have a scoring guideline on how to score the exam papers of the trainees but it is in paragraph form. I think I can do a rubric to make it easier to read and understand. It is also the practice of one of our Training Manager to ask the trainees of something that is not yet covered in the lecture, just to check if they are reading the Training Manual in advance. I will share with him what I have learned. Only assess what has been taught. An organizational change and training procedure is happening now in our company and we are encouraged to feedback any strengths or weaknesses of the change.This will be an opportunity for me to use feedback in improving our training process and documentation.

I am still excited to learn more, I hope you are too! 🙂


UP Open University, 1 EDS 113 Module 6 2017 Assessment Planning, Reporting, Feedback.pdf