21st Century Learning

Module 4 eJournal: 21st Century Learning

In this Module, I have learned the five teaching perspectives which are Transmission, Apprenticeship, Developmental, Nurturing and Social Report Perspective. I discovered thru the Teaching Perspective Inventory that my dominant perspective is more on the Transmission and Apprenticeship side. I would like to balance my perspective in a way that will benefit the learners the most.  Since I have no professional teaching experience yet,  I will apply this on my future job as a trainer and do reflection for every finished project.

Fives Perspectives on Teaching

I also learned the difference between a teacher-centered learning versus the student-centered learning. “Kember (1997) described two broad orientations in teaching: the teacher centered/content oriented conception and the student centered/learning oriented conceptions. I particularly like the resource material about Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice by Maryellen Weimer where the author listed down the five areas where instructional practice needs to change which are the role of teacher, balance of power, function of content, responsibility for learning and processes and purposes of evaluation. Because it is in a list type format, it is easy to read and understand.

We are gearing towards the 21st Century Learning which are more student-centered rather than teacher-centered. In a teacher-centered environment, teacher do most of the lecturing and the student on the receiving end whereas in a student-centered environment, student have more control and responsibility over his learning. Being a distance learner in UPOU, I believe I am experiencing first-hand the student-centered type of teaching based on what I learned in the resource material regarding the main principles of student learning as:

  • The learner has full responsibility for her/his learning
  • Involvement and participation are necessary for learning
  • The relationship between learners are more equal, promoting growth, development
  • The teacher becomes a facilitator and resource person
  • The learner experiences confluence in his education (affective and cognitive domains flow together)

Student Centered Classroom material stated the essential attributes of the student-centered learning environment rooted in a constructivist approach which can embrace a blending of instructional practices and learning attributes including: Construction of learning, Collaborative learning, Metacognition, Educator/student partnerships and Authentic assessment.

Attributes of Student Centered Learning

Using the A.C.E. Curriculum (Accelerated Christian Education) thru School of Tomorrow China when I homeschooled my son for 2 years, I believe this is also an example of a student-centered learning which is individualized, lessons will be according to the level of the child and this allow students to plan their weekly schedule and will also be responsible for scoring and re-scoring their exam using the score keys. Accelerated Christian Education’s concepts are based on the following Five Basic Laws of Learning:

  1. A child must be at a level where he can perform.
  2. He must have reasonable goals.
  3. His learning must be controlled, and he must be motivated.
  4. His learning must be measurable.
  5. His learning must be rewarded.

As read in the resource, teachers should also prepare the students with the 21st century skills and competencies. “Saavedra and Opfer (2012, p. 1) suggest nine principles for teaching these skills: (1) make learning relevant to the ‘big picture’; (2) teach through the disciplines; (3) develop lower and higher order thinking skills to encourage understanding in different contexts; (4) encourage transfer of learning; (5) teach how to ‘learn to learn’ or metacognition; (6) address misunderstandings directly; (7) promote teamwork; (8) exploit technology to support learning; and (9) foster students’ creativity.”

As future educator, I would like to be able to apply what I learned in Module 4 and keep abreast with the fast changing technology and teaching methods. I also hope our government will allocate funds not only for teachers training but also in providing state of the art facilities that will promote 21st century learning.


Alternative Frames of Understanding: An Introduction to Five Perspectives on Teaching, Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/317235/Five_Perspectives_on_Teaching

Literature Review: Student-Centered Classrooms, Retrieved from http://www.gwaea.org/iowacorecurriculum/docs/StudCentClass_LitReview.pdf

Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice, Retrived from http://www.uwec.edu/CETL/resources/upload/LearnerCenteredTeachingFiveKeyChangestoPractice.pdf

What 21st Century Learning? A review and a synthesis, Retrieved from http://punya.educ.msu.edu/publications/21stCenturyKnowledge_PM_KK.pdf

The Futures of Learning 3: What Kind of Pedagogies for the 21st Century?, Retrieved from

Accelerated Christian Education Website, Retrieved from https://www.aceministries.com/aboutus/?content=main

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